« What Hannah Arendt identified as the crucial component of the totalitarian problem, Giorgio Agamben made the root of modern violence: the necessity to belong to a nation-state. State power, as he defines it, has the ability to exclude and decide on the state of exception, hence to distinguish between “bare” and “sacred” life. In order to form a homogenous nation, the nation-state creates physical and imaginative spaces, where human beings can legally be deprived of their fundamental rights – just because they do not fit the norm.
Put it differently: the nation-state can only maintain itself as such if certain groups, for instance LGBTQ individuals, women, ethnic and religious minorities or refugees, can be systematically marginalized by a state that only provides cultural hegemony for the majority society. “Bare life” does not only refer to the physical elimination of human life, but further implies all types of social and political oppression and exploitation by the nation-state. Homo Sacer, as Agamben calls the non-citizen or an individual that stands outside the nation, becomes a figure that can be sacrificed by state power.
In a world where a paradigmatic nation-state centrism applies almost automatically – even for the Left – minorities are often offered three options only: either they assimilate into the majority society, become Homo Sacers of the system or supposedly free themselves in forming their own nationalist movement and building their own nation-state. In case of the latter, most of the nationalist movements do not even consciously realize – unless they have internalized critical self-reflection – that they replicate their oppressors most when they reconstruct a status-quo based on state loyalty and nationalism, that ideologically functions as a kind of ‘supreme religious worship’. A vicious cycle. »
« Après quatre éditions à succès, la Foire à l’autogestion est, en 2016, suspendue. Ainsi en a décidé l’assemblée générale, sentant la fatigue gagner les rangs. Mais comme ses caisses sont bien garnies, l’AG a toutefois décidé de verser des aides à des projets autogestionnaires en Grèce, en Turquie, en France, au Chiapas et au Rojava. »
« The Kurdish border city of Kobane in Northern Syria has been under siege by Islamic State fighters for more than three months. But Kurdish forces are managing to retain hold of most of the city. As well as keeping IS at bay – they see getting their story out to the rest of the world as a vital part of their mission. An Iranian Kurdish film-maker spent two weeks inside Kobane following the men and women risking their lives to publicise the ongoing battle. »
Documentaire de 26min filmé par le Kurde iranien Zanyar Omrani. Pas mal de bouts de vie quotidienne, beaucoup de sourires, de rires et de bonne humeur dans cette vidéo, malgré la situation (le film a été mis en ligne le 5 janvier 2015, donc avant la reprise complète de la ville par les Kurdes (https://fr.wikipedia.org/wiki/Deuxi%C3%A8me_bataille_de_Koban%C3%A9
« Don't film this ! If people see this on TV, they'll think we're chopping us IS fighter. »